Department of Rehabilitation Medicine is a medical field that provides functional rehabilitation to help maintain a high quality of life for disorders caused by diseases or trauma. In other words, if saving a dying life is a general therapeutic medicine, Rehabilitation Medicine will make the life that has been saved maximize your abilities at home and society to make it more worthy than before.
The fields of rehabilitation medicine include brain rehabilitation (stroke, traumatic brain injury), spinal cord injury rehabilitation, pain rehabilitation including disc disease and arthritis, pediatric rehabilitation (cerebral palsy, developmental delay), amputation rehabilitation, elderly rehabilitation, chronic muscle and neuropathy. These include rehabilitation, sports rehabilitation and exercise prescriptions, and electrical diagnostics of myopathy.
The rehabilitation process is conducted by rehabilitation teams that include physical therapists, occupational therapists, speech therapists, psychotherapists, prosthetic and orthosis workers, social workers, as well as rehabilitation medical specialists and rehabilitation nurses.
- Cranial nerve rehabilitation
- Spinal nerve rehabilitation
- Musculoskeletal pain
- Fascial pain
- Pediatric rehabilitation
- Foot Clinic
- Cancer rehabilitation
- Swallow rehabilitation
Cranial nerve rehabilitation is required in all cases where disorders are caused by brain diseases such as stroke, accidental brain damage, brain tumor, encephalitis, Parkinson's disease or dementia. In particular, about 85% of stroke patients develop disorders after various brain injuries, such as motor function loss, loss of sensation, pain, cognitive dysfunction, emotional change, aphasia, swallowing disorder, visual impairment, and loss of spatial perception. Depending on the symptoms, you will be in charge of treatment such as central nervous system development therapy, gait training, occupational therapy, daily life training, cognitive therapy, speech therapy, swallowing therapy, non-surgical brain stimulation therapy or proper brace placement.
The spinal cord is one of the central nervous systems that transmits commands from the brain. It can be damaged by disc diseases, degenerative spondylosis, traffic accidents, falls, tumors or inflammation. When the spinal cord is damaged, it affects the motor or sensory or autonomic nervous system below the damaged area. It is divided into lower limb paralysis or limb paralysis according to the level of damage, and divided into complete paralysis or incomplete paralysis according to the degree of damage. Depending on the symptoms, the central nervous system development treatment, gait training, occupational therapy, daily life training, pain treatment or use of appropriate assistive devices will be trained.
This is a generic term for all diseases of the musculoskeletal system, which includes neck pain, shoulder pain, back pain or knee pain. Most respond well to conservative treatments, but in many cases, they experience recurrence, so you will have an accurate diagnosis and adequate pain relief treatment, as well as preventive treatments to prevent relapse and worsening. Depending on the findings, general radiography, magnetic resonance imaging, electromyography and ultrasound may be performed. Depending on the test findings, physical therapy, exercise therapy, injection therapy, and surgical therapy are required.
Myofascial pain syndrome is often referred to as neuropathic pain, and muscles contract due to stress, anxiety and long-lasting tension, which leads to decreased blood flow to muscle and cause low oxygen supply and waste product buildup. Patients with myofascial pain syndrome complain of severe pain when they are pressed on a specific part of the area that generates pain. Treatments, such as local massage, physical therapy, exercise therapy, and injection therapy will be performed as well.
Pediatric rehabilitation treatment is a treatment that helps children with disabilities or risks due to disease and accidents in their early stages of growth and development to minimize their disabilities and develop according to their age. It is mainly caused by cerebral palsy, spinal dysplasia, muscular dystrophy, traumatic brain injury, delayed development or other neurological diseases. Depending on symptoms, you will engage in treatment, such as development of the central nervous system treatment, gait training, occupational therapy, cognitive therapy, behavioral therapy, speech therapy or proper brace placement.
In addition to congenital factors such as foot-related diseases such as flat feet, arthritis, diabetes or peripheral vascular diseases cause pain and deformation of the foot, and the foot is easily injured and painful due to excessive use in various sports or wearing wrong shoes. After accurately diagnosing the condition, medication and exercise therapy will be performed and appropriate shoes and foot braces will be prescribed accordingly.
Lymphedema refers to the swelling and chronic inflammation of the arms or legs due to the accumulation of moisture containing protein components in the epilepsy due to damage to the lymphatic system. In particular, lymphedema, which occurs after breast cancer surgery, is a phenomenon in which lymphatic fluid that circulates back from the breast and arm swells in the arm and swells in the hands and arms. Depending on your symptoms, you may need specialized rehabilitation treatments such as lymphedema massage, compression bandage therapy, compression pump therapy, medication, exercise therapy, and self-care training.
Dysphagia is most likely to occur in patients who have had surgery due to stroke, tumors of the central nerve, inflammation, degenerative central nerve disease, and head and neck tumors. If you have dysphagia, food can be easily stuck on throat when eating and develop respiratory symptoms such as pneumonia. For patients with suspected dysphagia, video fluoroscopy can accurately diagnose. Patients diagnosed with dysphagia are subject to oral palpation, oral muscle exercises, vocal training, swallowing reflex induction, breathing exercises and electrical stimulation treatments to promote swallowing-related functions, and select appropriate dietary methods to prevent airway aspiration or respiratory complications.